Monday, 27 June 2016

LOW BIRTH WEIGHT IN NEWBORNS

Low Birth rate weight can be defined as child at birth that are less than 2.5kg is known as Low Birth Weight.
 
                                                       Causes of low birth Weight 
  1. Premature deliveries 
  2. Age of the mother
  3. Parity
  4. Height/weight of the mother
  5. Smoking
  6. Drug Abuse
  7. Anemia
  8. Socio-economic
  9. Infection
  10. Educational level

Risk of Low Birth Weight
  • Weak sucking leading to aspiration
  • Anemia
  • Immature lungs
  • Management 
  • Minimum handling 
  • Warmth and humidy
  • Special care
  • Exclusive breast feeding
Complications
  • Cerebral palsy
  • Deafness
  • Mental retardation
  • Learning problems

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